|Title of the article||
POLITICAL CAUSES OF ABOLITION OF THE INSTITUTION OF THE JURY MEMEBERS BY THE BOLSHEVIKS
Shukyurov Aleksey Tofikovich, Applicant, Komi Republican Academy of Government Service and Administration (11 Kommunisticheskaya street, Syktyvkar, the Republic of Komi, Russia), email@example.com
Background. Relevance of the research topic is conditioned by the lack of research works investigating political causes of abolition of the institution of the jury members after the October revolution of 1917. In conditions of the problem of formation of the institution of the jury memebers in modern Russia due to the ongoing criticism of the present institution it is expedient to study the paradigm of the political institution of the jury members – the genesis of the institution in the second half of XIX century in the Russian Empire, the political causes of its abolition by the soviet power and the occurred need in revival of the institution of the jury members in modern Russia. The aim of the research is to study the institution of the jury members at various stages of political development of Russia (the Soviet Union), to reveal the political causes of the decision by the soviet officials to abolish the institution under consideration, as well as to show the following substitution of the institution in the USSR and the attitude to the institution of the jury members during the tsar’s, soviet and modern political regimes. The objective of the research is to forecast the development prospects of the institution of the jury members in the political system of modern Russia, to reveal the importance of the institution in securing human rights and freedoms, in formation of the constitutional state. Such approach to the problem makes the present article not only a research one but also a practical one.
jury trials, dictatorship of the proletariat, extraordinary trio, revolutionary tribunals, lay judges.
1. Lenin V. I. Poln. sobr. soch. [Complete works]. Vol. 22.
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